Personalities Downloadable Teacher Reference
Key People and Key groups throughout the French Revolution 1789-1795
Marie Antoinette: Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. Her Husband was Louis XVI King of France.
Maximilien Robespierre: Born 6th May, 1758 Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution.
The Gironde: whose members were called Girondists were a political group in France in 1791–95 within the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention during the French Revolution. Girondists were part of the Jacobin movement, though not every Girondist was a member of the Jacobin Club.
The Jacobin Club: (Society of the Friends of the Constitution) was the most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution.
Sans-Culottes: The common people of the lower classes in late 18th C. France. The great many of whom became radical and militant partisans of the French Revolution in response to their poor quality of life under the Ancien Regime.
Georges Jacques Danton: (26 October 1759 – 5 April 1794) was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. He was succeeded by Maximilien Robespierre
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès: French churchman and constitutional theorist who because he was not of noble birth, could not advance in the clergy. He was embittered towards the aristocracy and in January 1789 Sieyès issued the most famous political pamphlet of the revolution, “What Is the Third Estate?, in which he identified the unprivileged Third Estate with the French nation and asserted that it alone had the right to draft a new constitution where the third estate had more power as they were the majority. (Britannica, 2015).
Philosophes: French philosophers such as Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Buffon and Diderot who questioned traditional authority and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions
The Enraged Ones: were a small number of firebrands known for defending the lower class and expressing the demands of the radical Sans-Culottes during the French Revolution. They played an active role in the May 31-June 2, 1793 Paris uprisings that forced the expulsion of the Girondins from the National Convention.
Jacques Roux: (21 August 1752 – 10 February 1794) was a radical Roman Catholic Priest who took an active role in the revolutionary politics during the French Revolution.
Jacques Hebert: (15 November 1757 - 24 March 1794) was a French journalist, and the founder and editor of the extreme radical newspaper Le Pere Duchesne during the french revolution.
Jean-Paul Marat (24 May 1743 – 13 July 1793) was a physician, political theorist and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution.
King Louis XVI: (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) was King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792. He was guillotined on 21 January 1793.
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite Carnot (13 May 1753 – 2 August 1823), the Organizer of Victoryin the French Revolutionary Wars. He was a French politician, engineer,freemason and mathematician.